Security Guard Tips

Incident Reporting for Security Guards: Comprehensive Guide

Accurate and effective incident reporting is a cornerstone of professional security operations. It not only helps in documenting the sequence of events for legal and internal purposes but also plays a critical role in enhancing future security protocols. This article delves into the intricacies of incident reporting, providing actionable insights and best practices for security guards, which can ultimately improve your business’ reputation and aid in hiring and retention.

A security incident report is a crucial document used by security guards to report any breaches or incidents that occur within their jurisdiction. This report provides a written account of a security breach, detailing the events that transpired and any relevant information surrounding the incident. It is essential for security guards to accurately document these incidents to ensure proper handling and resolution of security issues.

Incident Reporting for Security Guards in New York : Security Incident Report


Understanding the Importance of Incident Reporting

Why Incident Reporting is Crucial:

  • Legal Documentation: Proper incident reports can be critical in legal proceedings.
  • Operational Improvement: Detailed reports help in analyzing incidents to prevent future occurrences.
  • Accountability: Maintains a record of actions taken during an incident, ensuring accountability of security personnel.

Components of an Effective Incident Report

1. Accurate Incident Description

  • Objective: Clearly describe what happened, including the date, time, and location of the incident.
  • Action Steps:
    • Use precise language and avoid vague terms.
    • Include specific details such as weather conditions, lighting, and any notable environmental factors.

2. Identification of Individuals Involved

  • Objective: Document all individuals involved in the incident, including victims, witnesses, and suspects.
  • Action Steps:
    • Record full names, contact information, and roles (e.g., victim, witness).
    • Note distinguishing features or identifiers (e.g., clothing, physical traits).

3. Sequential Order of Events

  • Objective: Outline the events in the order they occurred.
  • Action Steps:
    • Use a chronological format to describe actions taken and by whom.
    • Highlight key moments that escalated or de-escalated the situation.

4. Evidence Collection and Documentation

  • Objective: Include all evidence collected during the incident.
  • Action Steps:
    • Attach photos, videos, or sketches to support the written report.
    • Secure physical evidence in accordance with company protocols.

5. Actions Taken by Security Personnel

  • Objective: Detail the actions taken by security guards and other responders.
  • Action Steps:
    • Specify the procedures followed, such as calling emergency services or evacuating the area.
    • Document interactions with law enforcement or medical personnel.

6. Witness Statements

  • Objective: Collect and include statements from witnesses.
  • Action Steps:
    • Use direct quotes where possible to capture exact accounts.
    • Ensure witness statements are signed and dated.

7. Follow-Up Actions

  • Objective: Outline any follow-up actions required or taken after the incident.
  • Action Steps:
    • Mention any subsequent investigations or reviews conducted.
    • Include recommendations for future preventive measures.

Best Practices for Incident Reporting

1. Timeliness

  • Action Steps:
    • Complete incident reports as soon as possible after the event to ensure accuracy.
    • Prioritize the report in your workflow to avoid delays.

2. Objectivity

  • Action Steps:
    • Stick to the facts and avoid inserting personal opinions.
    • Focus on observable actions and statements rather than assumptions.

3. Clarity and Conciseness

  • Action Steps:
    • Use clear and concise language to convey the incident details.
    • Avoid jargon and technical terms that might confuse the reader.

4. Review and Revise

  • Action Steps:
    • Review the report for any errors or omissions before submitting it.
    • Revise as necessary to improve clarity and completeness.

Scenario: A Detailed Incident Report Example

Incident: An altercation in a shopping mall involving two customers.

Links to view:


A good incident report is essential for security guards to document any unusual occurrences accurately. It should include the relevant details such as what, where, why, who, when, and how the incident happened. A well-written incident report provides a thorough account of the event without omitting crucial information or biases. Proofreading and running the report through a spell checker can help ensure that it is clear, concise, and free of errors before submission. Additionally, it is important to include the time of the incident in the report, as this can provide important context and help with future investigations.


  1. Date/Time: May 22, 2024, at 3:45 PM
  2. Location: Food court area, XYZ Mall
  3. Description: At approximately 3:45 PM, a verbal argument between Customer A (John Doe) and Customer B (Jane Smith) escalated into a physical altercation. Security personnel arrived on the scene at 3:50 PM.
  4. Individuals Involved: John Doe (Customer A), Jane Smith (Customer B), Mark Johnson (Security Guard), Emily Clark (Witness).
  5. Sequence of Events:
    • 3:45 PM: Verbal argument begins.
    • 3:47 PM: Physical altercation starts.
    • 3:50 PM: Security intervenes and separates individuals.
    • 3:55 PM: Police are called.
    • 4:05 PM: Police arrive and take statements.
  6. Evidence: CCTV footage, photos of the scene, witness statements.
  7. Actions Taken: Separated involved parties, called police, provided first aid to minor injuries.
  8. Follow-Up: Recommended review of mall security staffing during peak hours.

Frequently Asked Questions Q: When should I file an incident report? A: Security guards should file incident reports anytime a non-routine event occurs on the property they are monitoring. Examples include altercations, theft, property damage, unauthorized access attempts, medical emergencies, and any situation requiring intervention by security.

Q: Where can I get more training on incident reporting best practices? A: Many security guard training and certification programs cover incident reporting techniques. Check with your employer for in-house training options. Free online courses like [LINK] offer lessons on effective report writing. Industry conferences often have sessions on documentation skills and branding as it relates to incident reporting.

Q: What should I do if my incident report has inaccurate information? A: If you notice an error in a submitted incident report, notify your supervisor immediately. You may need to file a supplemental report for clarification, correcting the inaccurate details. Honesty and transparency are crucial. Attempting to cover up mistakes can lead to serious consequences.

By taking a thorough, diligent approach to incident reporting, security guards uphold high professional standards and contribute to a safer environment for all. The incident reports you file today can help prevent the security breaches of tomorrow.


Mastering the art of incident reporting is essential for security guards. Accurate, detailed, and timely reports not only aid in legal and operational processes but also contribute to a safer environment by informing future security measures. By following the outlined steps and best practices, security personnel can ensure their incident reports are comprehensive and effective. It is important for security guards to understand the importance of their role in maintaining safety and security, and properly documenting incidents through security guard posts is a crucial aspect of that responsibility. By properly reporting incidents, security guards can help prevent future incidents and maintain a safe environment for all.

When it comes to incident reporting for security guards, a good incident report is crucial for documenting and addressing security issues effectively. It should include detailed information about what happened, where and when the incident occurred, who was involved or witnessed it, why it happened, and how it transpired. A well-written incident report provides a clear account of the situation without omitting any pertinent details, ensuring that appropriate actions can be taken to prevent future incidents. Proofreading and using a spell checker before submitting the report are essential steps to ensure accuracy and professionalism in incident documentation. In conclusion, including all pertinent details in an incident report is essential for effective incident reporting and addressing security issues.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *